Story of Coffee
The history of coffee dates back 850 Ad, and possibly earlier with a number of reports and legends surrounding its first use. It is more likely that it originated in the Kingdom of Sheba which is in Both Ethiopia and Yemen. The earliest sources is a story about an Ethiopian farmer who noticed his goats becoming energized after eating the coffee berries.
Table of Contents / Timeline
The earliest credible evidence of coffee-drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree appears in the middle of the 15th century in the accounts of Ahmed al-Ghaffar in Yemen. It was here in Arabia that coffee seeds were first roasted and brewed in a similar way to how it is prepared now. Coffee was used by Sufi circles to stay awake for their religious rituals. Accounts differ on the origin of the coffee plant prior to its appearance in Yemen. From Ethiopia, coffee could have been introduced to Yemen via trade across the Red Sea. One account credits Muhammad Ibn Sa'd for bringing the beverage to Aden from the African coast. Other early accounts say Ali ben Omar of the Shadhili Sufi order was the first to introduce coffee to Arabia. According to al Shardi, Ali ben Omar may have encountered coffee during his stay with the Adal king Sadadin's companions in 1401.
First mention of CoffeeEthioipia
Dark bean spreadsYemen
Coffee makes its way to EgyptEgypt
BannedMecca, Saudi Arabia
Coffee Ban OverturnedIstanbul, Turkey
However, these bans were to be overturned in 1524 by an order of the Ottoman Turkish Sultan Suleiman I, with Grand Mufti Mehmet Ebussuud el-İmadi issuing a fatwa allowing the consumption of coffee.
Coffee reaches IstanbulIstanbul, Turkey
Knights and CoffeeMalta
Venetian CupVenice, Italy
In 1580 the Venetian botanist and physician Prospero Alpini imported coffee into the Republic of Venice from Egypt and soon coffee shops started opening one by one when coffee spread and became the drink of the intellectuals, of social gatherings, even of lovers as plates of chocolate and coffee were considered a romantic gift.
Pope baptizes coffeeRome, Italy
Dutch does CoffeeAmsterdam, Netherlands
English drink something else besides teaLondon, UK
Möchtest du Kaffee?Bremen & Hamburg, Germany
Parisien caféParis, France
War bootyVienna, Austria
- Allen, Stewart Lee (1999). The Devil's Cup: Coffee, the Driving Force in History. Soho Press.
- Illy, Francesco & Riccardo (1989). From Coffee to Espresso
- Malecka, Anna (2015). "How Turks and Persians Drank Coffee: A Little-known Document of Social History by Father J. T. Krusiński". Turkish Historical Review. 6 (2): 175–193. doi:10.1163/18775462-00602006
- Pendergrast, Mark (2001) . Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World. London: Texere. ISBN 1-58799-088-1.
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