Transoxiana conquered
© HistoryMaps

Transoxiana conquered

Umayyad Caliphate

Transoxiana conquered
Transoxiana conquered by the Umayyads. ©HistoryMaps
713 Jan 1

Transoxiana conquered

Samarkand, Uzbekistan

The larger part of Transoxiana was finally conquered by the Umayyad leader Qutayba ibn Muslim in the reign of al-Walid I (r. 705–715). The loyalties of Transoxiana's native Iranian and Turkic populations and those of their autonomous local sovereigns remained questionable, as demonstrated in 719, when the Transoxianian sovereigns sent a petition to the Chinese and their Turgesh overlords for military aid against the Caliphate's governors.

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