Dutch East Indies

Dutch East Indies

History of Indonesia

Dutch East Indies
The romantic depiction of De Grote Postweg near Buitenzorg. ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
1800 Jan 1 - 1949

Dutch East Indies

Indonesia

The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was formed from the nationalised trading posts of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.


During the 19th century, the Dutch possessions and hegemony expanded, reaching the greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. The Dutch East Indies was one of the most valuable colonies under European rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in the 19th to early 20th centuries.[33] The colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a Dutch elite living separate from but linked to their native subjects. The term Indonesia came into use for the geographical location after 1880. In the early 20th century, local intellectuals began developing the concept of Indonesia as a nation state, and set the stage for an independence movement.

Ask Herodotus

herodotus-image

Do you have a question about this event or anything History related?



HistoryMaps Shop

Heroes of the American Revolution Painting

Explore the rich history of the American Revolution through this captivating painting of the Continental Army. Perfect for history enthusiasts and art collectors, this piece brings to life the bravery and struggles of early American soldiers.

Page last updated: Sat Mar 25 2023

Support HM Project

There are several ways to support the HistoryMaps Project.
New & Updated