Thirty Years War

Treaty of Westphalia
Peace of Westphalia ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
1648 Oct 24

Treaty of Westphalia

Osnabrück, Germany

The Peace of Westphalia is the collective name for two peace treaties signed in October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster. They ended the Thirty Years' War and brought peace to the Holy Roman Empire, closing a calamitous period of European history that killed approximately eight million people.

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Last Updated: : Thu Feb 23 2023