Republic of Turkey

Republic of Turkey

Turkish War of Independence

Republic of Turkey
Republic of Turkey ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
1923 Oct 29

Republic of Turkey

Türkiye

Turkey was proclaimed a Republic on 29 October 1923, with Mustafa Kemal Pasha was elected as the first President. In forming his government, he placed Mustafa Fevzi (Çakmak), Köprülü Kâzım (Özalp), and İsmet (İnönü) in important positions. They helped him to establish his subsequent political and social reforms in Turkey, transforming the country into a modern and secular nation state.

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