Sultanate of Rum

Second Crusade: Battle of Dorylaeum
Battle of Dorylaeum (Gustave Doré) ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
1147 Aug 1

Second Crusade: Battle of Dorylaeum

Dorylaeum, Eskişehir, Turkey

The Germans were ferried from the environs of Constantinople to the Asiatic shores of the Bosphorus. With inadequate supplies, the crusaders moved into the interior of Anatolia, intending to take the overland route to the Holy Land. As the crusaders crossed into the Anatolian plateau they entered an area of debatable frontier districts between the Byzantines and Seljuk Turks. Once beyond effective Byzantine control, the German army came under constant harassing attacks from the Turks, who excelled at such tactics. The poorer, and less well-supplied, infantry of the crusader army were the most vulnerable to hit-and-run horse archer attack and began to take casualties and lose men to capture. The area through which the crusaders were marching was largely barren and parched; therefore the army could not augment its supplies and was troubled by thirst. When the Germans were about three days march beyond Dorylaeum, the nobility requested that the army turn back and regroup. As the crusaders began their retreat, on 25 October, the Turkish attacks intensified and order broke down, the retreat then becoming a rout with the Crusaders taking heavy casualties. Conrad, himself, was wounded by arrows during the rout. The Crusaders lost virtually all of their baggage and, according to the Syraic Chronicle, "The Turks grew rich for they had taken gold and silver like pebbles with no end."

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Last Updated: : Thu Aug 25 2022