Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean

Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean

Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean
The arrival of Portuguese ships in Hormuz ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
1538 Jan 1 - 1554

Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean

Indian Ocean

Ottoman ships had been sailing in the Indian Ocean since the year 1518. Ottoman admirals such as Hadim Suleiman Pasha, Seydi Ali Reis and Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis are known to have voyaged to the Mughal imperial ports of Thatta, Surat and Janjira. The Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great himself is known to have exchanged six documents with Suleiman the Magnificent.


The Ottoman expeditions in the Indian Ocean were a series of Ottoman amphibious operations in the Indian Ocean in the 16th century. There were four expeditions between 1538 and 1554, during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent.


With its strong control of the Red Sea, Suleiman successfully managed to dispute control of the trade routes to the Portuguese and maintained a significant level of trade with the Mughal Empire throughout the 16th century.

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