Russian conquest of Central Asia

War with Bukhara
1866 Jan 1

War with Bukhara

Bukhara, Uzbekistan

After Tashkent’s fall General M. G. Chernyaev became the first governor of the new province of Turkestan, and immediately began lobbying to keep the city under Russian rule and to embark on further conquests. An apparent threat from Sayyid Muzaffar, Amir of Bukhara, provided him with a justification for further military action. In February 1866 Chernayev crossed the Hungry Steppe to the Bokharan fort of Jizzakh. Finding the task impossible, he withdrew to Tashkent followed by Bokharans who were soon joined by Kokandis. At this point Chernayev was recalled for insubordination and replaced by Romanovsky.

Romanovsky prepared to attack Bohkara, the Amir moved first, the two forces met on the plain of Irjar. The Bukharians scattered, losing most of their artillery, supplies and treasures and more than 1,000 killed, while the Russians lost 12 wounded. Instead of following him, Romanovsky turned east and took Khujand, thus closing the mouth of the Fergana Valley. Then he moved west and launched unauthorised assaults on Ura-Tepe and Jizzakh from Bukhara. Defeats forced Bukhara to start peace talks.