Rhine campaign of 1796

©Keith Rocco
1796 Jun 1


Düsseldorf, Germany

The French military strategy against Austria called for a three-pronged invasion to surround Vienna, ideally capturing the city and forcing the Holy Roman Emperor to surrender and accept French Revolutionary territorial integrity.

  • The French assembled the Army of Sambre and Meuse commanded by Jean-Baptiste Jourdan against the Austrian Army of the Lower Rhine in the north.
  • The Army of the Rhine and Moselle, led by Jean Victor Marie Moreau, opposed the Austrian Army of the Upper Rhine in the south.
  • A third army, the Army of Italy, commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte, approached Vienna through northern Italy.