Republic of Venice
First Doge of VeniceVenice, Metropolitan City of V
Early in the 8th century, the people of the lagoon elected their first leader Orso Ipato (Ursus), who was confirmed by Byzantium with the titles of hypatus and dux. Historically, Orso is the first sovereign Doge of Venice (the third according to the legendary list which began in 697), having received the title “Ipato” or Consul by the Byzantine Emperor. He is given the title of “dux” (which becomes "doge" in the local dialect).