Prophet Muhammad

Isra and Mi'raj
The Al-Qibli Chapel, Part of Al-Aqsa Mosque, in the Old City of Jerusalem. Considered to be the third holiest site in Islam after Al-Masjid al-Haram and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi. ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
620 Jan 1

Isra and Mi'raj

Al-Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem, Isr

Islamic tradition states that in 620, Muhammad experienced the Isra and Mi'raj, a miraculous night-long journey said to have occurred with the angel Gabriel. At the journey's beginning, the Isra, he is said to have traveled from Mecca on a winged steed to "the farthest mosque." Later, during the Mi'raj, Muhammad is said to have toured heaven and hell, and spoke with earlier prophets, such as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Ibn Ishaq, author of the first biography of Muhammad, presents the event as a spiritual experience; later historians, such as Al-Tabari and Ibn Kathir, present it as a physical journey.


Some western scholars hold that the Isra and Mi'raj journey traveled through the heavens from the sacred enclosure at Mecca to the celestial al-Baytu l-Maʿmur (heavenly prototype of the Kaaba); later traditions indicate Muhammad's journey as having been from Mecca to Jerusalem.


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Last Updated: : Sat Jan 13 2024