Napoleons First Italian campaign
Invasion of the Papal StatesRome, Italy
The French invaded the Papal States, motivated by the killing of French general Mathurin-Léonard Duphot in December 1797. After the successful invasion, the Papal States became a satellite state renamed the Roman Republic, under the leadership of Louis-Alexandre Berthier, one of Bonaparte's generals. It was placed under the government of France - the Directory - and comprised territory conquered from the Papal States. Pope Pius VI was taken prisoner, escorted out of Rome on 20 February 1798 and exiled to France, where he would later die.