Napoleons First Italian campaign

A sketch of the signing, for a painting drawn in 1806 by Guillaume Guillon-Lethière.
1797 Apr 18


Leoben, Austria

The Treaty of Leoben was a general armistice and preliminary peace agreement between the Holy Roman Empire and the First French Republic that ended the War of the First Coalition. It was signed at Eggenwaldsches Gartenhaus, near Leoben, on 18 April 1797 by General Maximilian von Merveldt and the Marquis of Gallo on behalf of the Emperor Francis II and by General Napoléon Bonaparte on behalf of the French Directory. Ratifications were exchanged in Montebello on 24 May, and the treaty came into effect immediately.

Key findings:

Bonaparte's campaign was important in bringing an end to the War of the First Coalition.