Kingdom of Poland
Founding of Jagiellonian University
The founding of the University in 1364, painted by Jan Matejko (1838–1893)
1364 May 12

Founding of Jagiellonian University

Jagiellonian University, Gołęb

In the mid-14th century, King Casimir III the Great realised that the nation needed a class of educated people, especially lawyers, who could arrange a better set of the country's laws and administer the courts and offices. His efforts to found an institution of higher learning in Poland were rewarded when Pope Urban V granted him permission to set up a university in Kraków. A royal charter of foundation was issued on 12 May 1364, and a simultaneous document was issued by the City Council granting privileges to the Studium Generale.