Hundred Years' War: Caroline War
The Caroline War was the second phase of the Hundred Years' War between France and England, following the Edwardian War. It was so-named after Charles V of France, who resumed the war nine years after the Treaty of Brétigny (signed 1360). The Kingdom of France dominated this phase of the war.
Table of Contents / Timeline
Battle of CocherelHoulbec-Cocherel, France
War of the Breton Succession endsAuray, France
Castilian Civil WarMadrid, Spain
Battle of NájeraNájera, Spain
Siege of LimogesLimoges, France
Battle of PontvallainPontvallain, France
Battle of ChisetChizé, France
Western SchismAvignon, France
Britanny CampaignNantes, France
Charles V and du Guesclin diesToulouse, France
Wat Tyler's RebellionTower of London, UK
Battle of RoosebekeWestrozebeke, Belgium
Despenser's CrusadeGhent, Belgium
English invasion of ScotlandScotland
Battle of MargateMargate, UK
Epilogue: Truce of LeulinghemCalais, France
The Truce of Leulinghem was a truce agreed to by Richard II's kingdom of England and its allies, and Charles VI's kingdom of France and its allies, on 18 July 1389, ending the second phase of the Hundred Years' War. England was on the edge of financial collapse and suffering from internal political divisions. On the other side, Charles VI was suffering from a mental illness that handicapped the furthering of the war by the French government. Neither side was willing to concede on the primary cause of the war, the legal status of the Duchy of Aquitaine and the King of England's homage to the King of France through his possession of the duchy. However, both sides faced major internal issues that could badly damage their kingdoms if the war continued. The truce was originally negotiated by representatives of the kings to last three years, but the two kings met in person at Leulinghem, near the English fortress of Calais, and agreed to extend the truce to a twenty-seven years' period. Key Findings: - Joint crusade against the Turks - English support of French plan to end the Papal schism - Marriage alliance between England and France - Peace to the Iberian peninsula - English evacuated all their holdings in northern France except Calais.
- Nicolle, David (2011). The Great Chevauchée: John of Gaunt's Raid on France 1373. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1849082471.
- Perroy, E., (1951). The Hundred Years' War. New York, New York: Oxford University Press.
- Rogers, Clifford (2006). "Chevauchée". International Encyclopedia of Military History. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415936613.
- Wagner, John A (2006). Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. Westport CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32736-X.
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