History of Portugal

Liberal Revolution of 1820
Allegory of the parliamentarians of 1822: Manuel Fernandes Tomás [pt], Manuel Borges Carneiro [pt], and Joaquim António de Aguiar (Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, 1926)
1820 Jan 1

Liberal Revolution of 1820


The Liberal Revolution of 1820 was a Portuguese political revolution that erupted in 1820. It began with a military insurrection in the city of Porto, in northern Portugal, that quickly and peacefully spread to the rest of the country. The Revolution resulted in the return in 1821 of the Portuguese Court to Portugal from Brazil, where it had fled during the Peninsular War, and initiated a constitutional period in which the 1822 Constitution was ratified and implemented. The movement's liberal ideas had an important influence on Portuguese society and political organization in the nineteenth century.