Byzantine Empire Macedonian dynasty

Seljuk Turks
Battle between Byzantines and Muslims in Armenia in the mid-11th century, miniature from the Madrid Skylitzes manuscript
1048 Sep 18

Seljuk Turks

Pasinler, Pasinler/Erzurum, Tu

In 1045 Constantine annexed the Armenian kingdom of Ani, but this expansion merely exposed the empire to new enemies. In 1046 the Byzantines came into contact for the first time with the Seljuk Turks. They met at the Battle of Kapetron in Armenia in 1048 and settled a truce the following year.