Abbasid Caliphate

1194 Jan 1


Baghdad, Iraq

In the early years of his caliphate, his goal was to crush the Seljuq power and replace it with his own. He incited rebellion against the Seljuq Sultan of Persia, Toghrul III. The Khwarezm Shah, Ala ad-Din Tekish, at his instigation, attacked the Seljuq forces, and defeated them in 1194. Toghrul was killed and his head exposed in the caliph's palace.