Russian Empire

Emancipation reform of 1861
A 1907 painting by Boris Kustodiev depicting Russian serfs listening to the proclamation of the Emancipation Manifesto in 1861
1861 Jan 1

Emancipation reform of 1861

The Emancipation Reform of 1861 in Russia was the first and most important of the liberal reforms passed during the reign (1855–1881) of Emperor Alexander II of Russia. The reform effectively abolished serfdom throughout the Russian Empire.