Peloponnesian War

War ends
The Spartan general Lysander has the walls of Athens demolished in 404 BCE, as a result of the Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian War. ©Image Attribution forthcoming. Image belongs to the respective owner(s).
404 BCE Jan 1

War ends

Athens, Greece

Facing starvation and disease from the prolonged siege, Athens surrendered in 404 BCE, and its allies soon surrendered as well. The democrats at Samos, loyal to the bitter last, held on slightly longer, and were allowed to flee with their lives. The surrender stripped Athens of its walls, its fleet, and all of its overseas possessions. Corinth and Thebes demanded that Athens should be destroyed and all its citizens should be enslaved. However, the Spartans announced their refusal to destroy a city that had done a good service at a time of greatest danger to Greece, and took Athens into their own system. Athens was "to have the same friends and enemies" as Sparta.

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Last Updated: Thu Feb 01 2024