First War of Scottish Independence

End of the First War of Scottish Independence
End of the First War of Scottish Independence ©Angus McBride
1328 May 1

End of the First War of Scottish Independence

Parliament Square, London, UK

The Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton was a peace treaty signed in 1328 between the Kingdoms of England and Scotland. It brought an end to the First War of Scottish Independence, which had begun with the English party of Scotland in 1296. The treaty was signed in Edinburgh by Robert the Bruce, King of Scots, on 17 March 1328, and was ratified by the Parliament of England meeting in Northampton on 1 May.


The terms of the treaty stipulated that in exchange for £100,000 sterling, the English Crown would recognise:


  • The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent
  • Robert the Bruce, and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland
  • The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).